沙巴足彩

山东省高等学校师资培训中心

当前位置: 沙巴足彩 新闻资讯 教科时政 正文

2016年度“中国高等学校十大科技进展”入选项目介绍

2016年12月31日 (点击: )

2016-12-29 来源:教育部

  一、世界首例真实稳定可控的单分子电子开关器件

沙巴足彩  liyongdanfenzigoujiandianziqijianduitupomuqianbandaotiqijianweixiaohuafazhandepingjingyiyizhongda。shixiankekongdedanfenzidianzikaiguangongnengshiyanzhengfenzinengfouzuoweihexinzujianyingyongdaodianziqijianzhongdeguanjian。zishanggeshiji70niandaiyilai,shejigouzhuwendingkekongdedanfenziqijian,tansuoqiyuweidianzigongyidejianrongxing,binghuodezhenzhengyiyishangdefenzidianzikaiguan,zaidangdainamidianzixueyanjiuzhongjuyouzhongdadekexueyiyi。 

  guoxuefengtuanduiweiraodanfenziguangdianzixuelingyukaizhanlezhangda9niandeqianxinzuanyanhechixugongguan。tamenyuanchuangxingdifazhanleyishimoxiweidianji、tongguogongjiajianlianjiedewendingdanfenziqijiandeguanjianzhibeifangfa,jiejueledanfenziqijianzhibeinan、wendingxingchadenanti。zaicijichushang,tongguogongnengdaoxiangdefenzigongchengxuechenggongdikefuleerfangxifenziyushimoxidianjijianqiangouhezuoyongdehexintiaozhanxingwenti,congertupoxingdigoujianleyileiquankenideguangyoudaohedianchangyoudaodeshuangmoshidanfenziguangdianziqijian。zheixiangyanjiugongzuoshidezaizhongguodanshengleshijieshoulizhenshiwendingkekongdedanfenzidianzikaiguanqijian。zheiyeshijishinianlaiwoguozaifenzidianzixuelingyudekexueyanjiudiyicifabiaozai《science》zazhishang。 

沙巴足彩  lunwenyu2016nian6yue17rifabiaozai《science》shang,shenqinglefamingzhuanli。zheixiangyanjiuzhengminggongnengfenzikeyizuoweihexinzujianlaigoujiandianzihuilu,weijianggongnengfenziyingyongdaoshiyongdianziqijianzhongmaichuleguanjiandeyibu。《science》tongqipeifalezhangpianzhengmianpingshu,dedaoleguoneiwaitongxingdeguangfanrenkehegezhongmeitideliangdianbaodao。 

  二、发现原子核手征对称性和空间反射对称性的联立自发破缺

沙巴足彩  duichengxingjiqipoqueshijibendekexuewenti。shouzhengduichengxing(youchengshouxing)zaiziranjiezhongguangfancunzai,ruzuoyoushou、hailuoqiao、mouxiehuaxueheyaowufenzidengdouyoushouxing。yuanzihecengcideshouzhengduichengxingyoumengjiejiqihezuozheyu1997nianyuyan,houlaidedaozhengshi,yinqiguangfanguanzhu。tansuoyuanzihedeshouzhengduichengxing,keyihuodeyuanzihexingzhuangjiqiyundongmoshidengxinxi,juyouzhongyaodekexueyiyi。 

沙巴足彩  beijingdaxuemengjiejiaoshoulingdaodeyanjiutuanduizhangqizhiliyuyuanziheshouzhengduichengxingyanjiuqiechixuqudejinzhan:2006nianyuyanyuanzihededuozhongshouzhengduichengxing,jifaguojixiangguanyanjiu,tuidongshiyanyanzhengbingdedaozhengshi;2011nianfaxianshouxingyuanzihebr-80,jiangyuanziheshouzhengduichengxingyanjiukuozhandaoxindehequ。2016nian,tongguozhonglizironghezhengfafanying,liyongzaishujiamafuhe、daidianlizifuhe、xianxingjihuadengshiyanceliangshouduan,zaiyuanzihebr-78zhongfaxianleyuchengxiangfandeliangduishouzhengshuangzhongdai,yijibiaozhengtamenzhijianbajiguanliandedianoujiyueqian,jichuleshouzhengduichengxinghekongjianfansheduichengxinglianlizifapoquedezhengju。 

  yanjiujieguoyu2016nian3yuefabiaozai《wulipinglunkuaibao》,bingbeilinxuanweifengmianwenzhang。zheishihewulilingyu,zhongguoxuezhezaigaikanfabiaodeshoupianfengmianwenzhang。gaigongzuofaxianlemuqianzuiqingdeshouxingyuanzihebr-78,yijishouzhengduichengxinghekongjianfansheduichengxinglianlizifapoquedezhengju,shenhualeduiyuanzihefuzajiegoujiqibiaoxianxingshiderenshi。 

  三、高效率高比冲磁聚焦霍尔推进技术

沙巴足彩  2016nian11yue3riwoguokongjiandiantuijinjishuqudezhongdajinzhan,youhaerbingongyedaxueyudaren、jiadechangjiaoshoutuanduihezhongguohangtiankejijituangongsidiwuyanjiuyuandiwulingeryanjiusuolianheyanzhidecijujiaohuoertuiliqihep-100mfchenggongdazaizhangzhengwuhaoyunzaihuojianzaishijianshiqihaoweixingshangjinxinglefeixingyanzheng,zheishishijieshoucicijujiaohuoertuiliqishixiankongjianyingyong。 

沙巴足彩  muqian,gaicijujiaohuoertuiliqiyiwanchenglebaokuodianhuo、xingnengbiaoding、zhangwentaiceshijiweixingxitongjianrongxingdengsuoyouzaiguikaohe,gexiangcanshujunmanzuzhibiaoyaoqiu,qizhongcijujiaoyuyuliufasanjiaokongzhijishudadaoguojilingxianshuiping。 

沙巴足彩  gaituanduilijing14nian,chongfenfahuixuekejiaochadechuangxinyoushi,xianhoutupolekuanfanweicijujiao、re/dian/ciouhesheji、fangdiandipinzhendangkongzhi、digonghaogaokekaokongxinyinjiwendingfangdian、nailizijianshedanhuapengjitezhongtaocicailiaodengguanjianjishu,yanzhidecijujiaohuoertuiliqibichongbiguojizhumingtongleichanpinspt-100tigao20%,yuliufasanjiaojianxiaole60%,dafujiangdiletuiliqiranliaoxiaohao,bingxianzhujiangdileyuliuduihangtianqideyingxiang,weiwoguoxinyidaizhangshouminghangtianpingtaitigonglejuyouzizhuzhishichanquandexinxingdiantuijinjishu。gaichengguojiangweiwoguoxinyidaitongxunweixing、yaoganweixing、kongjianzhanjishenkongtancetigongjishuzhicheng,shiguojidiantuijinjishufazhanshishangdeyigezhongyaolichengbei。 

  四、高效钙钛矿发光器件研究

  zhaomingduiyurenleiwenmingdezhongyaoxingbuyaneryu。congyuangushiqidehuoba、zhongshijidelazhu,daojindaideyoudeng、xiandaidediandenghedangdaideled,renleixunzhaoxinxingguangyuandejiaobucongweitingxie。dangqian,zhaomingxiaohaolequanqiufadianliangde30%yishang,tansuohuanjingyouhao、gaoxiaojienengdezhaomingxitongyufazhongyao。youjiwujizahuagaitaikuangcailiaoyinqiyouyidefaguangxingnenghekedamianjidichengbenjiagongdeqianli,zaizhaomingyuxianshilingyujuyouguangkuoqianjing。 

沙巴足彩  nanjinggongyedaxuehuangweiyuanshihewangjianpujiaoshoulingdaodechuangxintuanduishiguojishangzuizaorenshidaocileicailiaodefaguangqianli,bingzhelizhibeigaitaikuangfaguangerjiguanqijiandetuanduizhiyi。2016nian,tamenchuangzaoxingdiliyongrongyezizuzhuangfangfazhibeileduoliangzijingjiegoudegaitaikuangfaguangcailiao。gaicailiaobujinbaochileerweigaitaikuangchengmozhilianggao、wendingxinghaodeyoudian,erqiezaibutongdaixiliangzijingzhijiankefashengkuaisudejietinengliangzhuanyi,youxiaokefulechangwenxiaerweigaitaikuangjiziyicumiedequedian。zaishijieshangshoucishixianlewailiangzixiaolvda11.7%degaoxiaogaitaikuangdianzhifaguangqijian,tongshiqijianshoumingjiaosanweigaitaikuangqijiantigaolelianggeshuliangji。 

  xiliechuangxinxingyanjiuchengguoxiangjifabiaozaiguojidingjixueshuqikanshang,bingyishenqingliangxiangfamingzhuanli。qizhong,daibiaoxingchengguoyu2016nian9yue26rizainature photonicsshangfabiao,shiquanqiushoupiangaitaikuangfaguangqijianwailiangzixiaolvtupo10%debaodao,yeshimuqiancileiqijiandeshijiezuigaoxiaolv,weigaitaikuangcailiaojiqizaifaguanglingyudeyanjiukaituolexinfangxiang。 

  五、复杂电网自律-协同无功电压自动控制系统关键技术及应用

沙巴足彩  dianyashizhinengdianwangyunxingdehexinzhibiao。dianyawentiyichengweiquanqiulicizhongdatingdianshigudeguanjianyouyin,tongshiyeshidaguimokezaishengnengyuanbingwangdeyigezhuyaozhangai。fuzadianwangdianyakongzhi(avc)shishijiexingnanti,zaigailingyuguojiquanwei、meiguoyiliudaxueketizuyanjiugeqianhou,meiguodianwangzhuanerxunqiuyugaixiangmuzuhezuo。 

沙巴足彩  gaixiangmulijing20yunian,chuangzaoxingtichule“zilv+xietong”dejishuluxian,tupoleavccongdankongzhizhongxindaoduokongzhizhongxin、congchangguidianwangdaokezaishengnengyuandianwang、congzhongguodianwangdaobeimeidianwangyingyongzhongdexilieguanjiannanti,yanzhichuzizhuzhishichanquanavcxitong,yizaiwoguo6daqudianwang、22geshengjidianwanghe6geqianwanqianwajifengguangjidiyingyong,kongzhilequanguo56%dechangguijizuyu37%defeng/guangjizu,zaizhinengdianwanganquanjingjiyunxinghedaguimokezaishengnengyuanjienadengfangmianqudelejudajingjishehuixiaoyi。tongshi,gaixiangmutupolemeiguosanlunyankudexinxianquanjiancha,lishi3nianling4geyue,jiedale3qianyugexinxianquanwenti,kongzhilebaokuomeiguoshoudouhedongbushisangezhoudepjmdianwang,shixianlemeiguoshouliavc,shiwoguoxianjindianwangkongzhixitongshoucichukoumeiguo。 

  youjiaoyubuzuzhi、liuweiyuanshilingxiandejiandingweiyuanhuirenwei:xiangmushi“zhongdadeyuanchuangxingkeyanchengguo,yinlingledianlixitongdianyakongzhilingyudefazhanyujishujinbu”、“juyoulichengbeiyiyi”。meiguonengyuanbuguwen、gongchengyuanyuanshiprof. boserenweigaichengguo“shizhongguozaidianyakongzhilingyuyaoyaolingxianyushijie”。 

  六、植物分枝激素独脚金内酯的感知机制

沙巴足彩  zhiwufenzhishinongyeshengchanzhongdezhongyaonongyixingzhuang,duiyuzhiwuzhuxinghezuowuchanliangyouzhongyaoyingxiang;zhiwujisudujiaojinneizhibujindiaokongzhiwufenzhi,haidiaojiezhiwuyugongshengzhenjunjijishengzacaodexianghuzuoyong。chanmingjisuganzhijizhi,shishengwuxuelingyudezhongdakexuewenti,duijieshishengmingxianxiangdebenzhi、tigaoshengwudeshengcunhefazhannenglijuyouzhongyaoyiyi。qijinfaxiandedongzhiwujingdianjisu,douzunxun1880sniandaiyilaijieshide“peiti-shouti”kenishibieguilv:jisuhuoxingfenzitongguofeigongjiajiankenidijieheshouti,xunhuandichufaxinhaochuandaolian,diaokonggezhongshengminghuodong。 

  qinghuadaxuexiedaoxin、raozihejilouzhiyongdenghezuofaxianledujiaojinneizhidehuoxingfenzi、chanmingledujiaojinneizhideshouti、jieshilexinxingde“shouti-peiti”bukenishibiejizhi:d14danbaizuoweixinxingjisushouti,shouxiancanyuhechengdujiaojinneizhihuoxingfenziclim,ranhoutongguogongjiajianbukenidijieheclim、chufaxinhaochuandaolian、diaokongzhiwufenzhi,zuizhongshuijieclim、shifangmeiyouhuoxingdefenzi。 

  gaigongzuoyu2016nian8yuefabiaozai《nature》shang。《nature》、《science signaling》he《science china life sciences》fabiaozhuanwengaodupingjiagaigongzuo,xinfaxiande“shouti-peiti”bukenishibiejizhibutongyubainianyanjiulichengsuojianlide“peiti-shouti”kenishibiejizhi,shishengmingkexuelingyujisuyanjiudezhongdatupo,juyouzhongdakexueyiyi。gaiyanjiukeweizuowuzhuxinggailianghejishengzacaofangzhitigonglilunzhidao,juyouqianzaiyingyongqianjing。 

  七、肌肉兴奋-收缩偶联的分子机理探索

  jirouxingfenshousuooulian(excitation-contraction coupling, e-c coupling)zhideshijiroujieshoushenjingxinhaofashengshousuodeguocheng,shidongwuzuijibendeshengliguochengzhiyi。gaiguochengshejidaoliangleizhongyaodegailizitongdao,fenbieshiweiyuxibaomoshangdedianyamenkonggailizitongdaocavheweiyujizhiwangmoshangdelannijianshoutiryr。cavbeixibaomodedongzuodianweijihuo,jinyibuyoudaoxiayouryrdejihuokaifang,congeryinfagailizidaliangkuaisucongjizhiwangshifangzhixibaozhi,jineryinqijiroudeshousuo。cavdegongnengyichanghuidaozhixinlvwenluan、dianxiandengjibing;ryrdeyichangzehuidaozhijizhongyangzhoukongbingdengjibing。yinci,tamenshizhongyaodeyaowubadian,qijiegoudejiexigongzuojuyouzhongyaodeshenglixueheyaolixueyiyi。 

沙巴足彩  yanningyanjiuzuliyongqianyandedankelilengdongdianjingjishu,zaishijieshangshoucijiexilegugejizhongryr1hecav1.1yijixinjizhongryr2dejinyuanzifenbianlvjiegou,zheiyixilietupoweilijiejirouxingfenshousuooulianguochengtigongleguanjiandejiegoujichu。youweizhideyitideshi,cav1.1xishougezhenhedianyamenkonggailizitongdaodejiegou,cichengguobeishouzhumu,bujinweilijieyuduozhongjibingxiangguandedianyamenkonggailizitongdaohenalizitongdaodegongnenghejilitigonglefenzijichu,yeweijiyujiegoudeyaowuyanfatigonglelilunzhidao。 

  xiangguanchengguogongfabiao5piangaoshuipinglunwen。qizhongcav1.1xiangguangongzuoyu2015nian12yue18rihe2016nian9yue8rifenbiezaisciencehenaturefabiao;ryr1xiangguangongzuoyu2015nian1yue1rihe2016nian7yue29rifabiaozainaturehecell research;ryr2gongzuoyu2016nian10yue21rizaisciencefabiao。 

  八、亚洲季风的变化规律及其与全球气候变化的关系

  xianjiaotongdaxuequanqiubianhuayanjiuyuanchenghaituanduizaiguojihezuodejichushangfazhanleguojixianjinshuipingdeyouxizhipuceliangjishu(baokuotigao 230thhe234ubanshuaiqidejingzhundu),zaicijichushangfenbiejianlileshijiezuizhangchidudedongyajifeng(64wannian)、yindujifeng(28wannian)、nanmeijifeng(25wannian)hezhongya−zhongguoxibuxifengdai(13.5he50wannian)degaojingdugaofenbianlvshisuntongweisujilu、jiqiyuquanqiuqihoubianhuazhijiandexiangguanguanxi,weiquanqiuqihoubianhuayanjiutigonglezhongyaodeshijianbiaochi。tebieshiyu2016nian6yuezai《nature》shangyiarticlexingshifabiao“64wannianyilaideyazhoujifengjiluyubingqizhongzhi”delunwen,tongguojianlijuyoujingquedejueduiniandaikongzhideshisuntongweisujilu、jiqiyuhaiyanghebingxinjiludeduibiguanxi,jinyibujieshile10wanniandebingqi−jianbingqixunhuanshi4−5gesuichazhouqidepingjun;faxianquchutaiyangfusheyingxianghoudeyaguidaochidushisunqihoubianhuaxulieyuququshihoudenanjiwendujiluchengjingzhidefanxiangguanguanxi,bingqieliangzhedeyaguidaochidubianhuadoujuyoubidiqiupianxinlvzhouqigengqiangdesuichaheqingjiaozhouqi;jieheshenrujiexiguoqu64wannianyilaibutongfuduqiannianqihoushijian(baokuobingqizhongzhishijian)zhijiandeneizaixiangsixing,jinyibuhuidale“100ka problem”zheiyijingdiankexuewenti。congyidingyiyishangjiang,shangshugongzuoweidongxuechenjichengweiguqihoubianhuayanjiulingyude‘disidazhizhu’、yijiwoguoshisunguqihouyanjiuzaiguojishangqudelingxiandiweizuochulezhongyaogongxian。 

  九、脑机融合的混合智能理论与方法

  dangtiansheng“ruoshi”dedashutongguonaojitongxun“jiajie”shangjiqishijue,tajiurukandonglelubiao,zaimigonglilishibielubiaoyanluchenggongzhaodaomubiaowu;dangyizhihouzixiangheyikoumianqiandeyinliao,takeyitongguo“yinian”kongzhiyuanchudejixieshouzuochuzhua、gou、wo、niesizhongshoushi,wanchengbutongderenwu。zheiyixiechongmankehuansecaide“bukeneng”,zhengzaizhejiangdaxuedeshiyanshichengweixianshi。 

沙巴足彩  zaiguojia973jihua、guojiajijinweizhongdianxiangmudengzhichixia,zhejiangdaxuewuchaohui、zhengxiaoxiangjiaoshoulvlingdetuanduiweiraonaojironghewentiqianxinyanjiushiyunian,zaiguojishanglvxiantichu“hunhezhineng”deyanjiufanshi——shengwuzhinengyujiqizhinengderonghe,xingchengleyixilietupolilunyuchuangxinjishu。yanjiutuanduirenwei,jiangshengwuzishendeganrenzhinengliyujiqidejisuannenglishendujiehe,youwangchanshengchaoyuexianyouxitongdegengqiangzhinengxingtai。zheiyitansuozaicanzhangkangfu、qiangxianjiuzai、guofanganbaodengguanxidaoguojiminshengheguofanganquandenglingyujuyouzhongdayingyongqianjing。 

  muqian,tuanduizaiguojishangshoucishixianjiangjisuanjidetingshijueshibienengli“jiajie”daoshengwutishang,goujianletingshijuezengqiangdedashujiqiren;zaiguoneishoulishixianrenyiniankongzhijixieshou,wancheng“shitou-jiandao-bu”caiquanyouxi;shixianleyongjiqizhinengzengqiangdashuzishendexuexinengli,huidalenaojirongheshifounengshishengwutihuodexuexizengqiangdeyiwen。mianduirenleijibing,yanjiutuanduihaishixianledongwupingtaide“dianxianyuce-diancijiyizhi”naojihushiyingronghejizhi。bufenchengguohaishixianlechubuzhuanhua,chenggongkaifaleruoganshenjingkangfushebei,bingyongyulinchuangshiyan。 

  十、肝癌肝移植新型分子分层体系研究

  woguoshibingduxingganyanheganaidegaofaguojia,qizhongyiganbingduxiedaizheyue9000wan,meinianxinfaganai40yuwan,zhanquanqiuxinfaganaibinglide55%,yanzhongweihaiguominjiankang。ganyizhishizhiliaoganaidengzhongmoqiganbingdezuiyouxiaoshouduan。 

沙巴足彩  muqianguojishangzuichangyongdeganaiganyizhishouzhexuanzebiaozhunshiyidalimilanbiaozhun。ruguoanzhaoguowaidebiaozhun,zhongliuzhijingxiaoyu5cmcaishihezuoyizhi,neimewoguoyouxuduoganaihuanzhejiangshiquganyizhidejihui。weijianlishihewoguoguoqingdexuanzebiaozhun,2008nianzhengshusenyuanshituanduichuangxinxingditichuleganaiganyizhihangzhoubiaozhun, renweizhongliuleijizhijingxiaoyu8cm,huozhezhongliudayu8cm,danzhiyaojiataidanbaishuipingxiaoyu 400ng/ml,erqiezhongliuzuzhixuefenjiweizhong、gaofenhuazhe,yeshiheganyizhi。zheishiguojishangshougeyinruzhongliushengwuxuetezhengjibinglixuetezhengdeshouzhexuanzebiaozhun,beiyuweishiganaiganyizhiyanjiude“fenshuiling”。2016nian,zhengshusenyuanshituanduijinyibukaizhanlequanguoduozhongxin6012liquanqiuzuidayangbendeyanjiu,faxianhangzhoubiaozhunshiganaibingrenzengjiale52%deyizhijihui,tongshi5niancunhuolvgaoda72.5%,juguojilingxianshuiping。tongshi,gaiyanjiuyejianghangzhoubiaozhunjinyibuxihua,shixianleganyizhishouzhedejingzhunshaixuanhegexinghuazhiliao。 

沙巴足彩  gaiyanjiuchengguofabiaoyuxiaohuabingxuedingjiqikan《gut》,yinqiguojiyizhixuejiedegaoduguanzhuhekending,beioumei10yujiaguojiyizhizhongxinyinyongheyanzheng,chengweiganyizhixuejiegaodurenkedeguojibiaozhun。meiguoucla、kelifulanyixuezhongxin、ribendongjingdaxuedengguojizhumingyizhituanduigaodupingjiahangzhoubiaozhunshiyigefeichangzhuoyuedebiaozhun,diyicijiangzhongliushengwuxuetezhengnaruganaiganyizhibiaozhunzhong,youyuqitabiaozhun,weiganaiganyizhibingrenxuanzezuochuzhongyaogongxian。hangzhoubiaozhunshiwoguotichudeshougebeiguojiyizhixuejiejieshoudeyixuebiaozhun,shiwoguoqiguanyizhilingyuzuijuyouguojijingzhenglihezizhuchuangxinjiazhidekeyanchengguo,gaixiangchuangxinxingyanjiuzuoweihexinbiaozhixingchengguohuode2015nianduguojiakejijinbuchuangxintuanduijiang。 

 

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